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Wednesday, March 7, 2012

Memorial Bridge of PAI which built by Japanese

During World War 2, PAI once was conquered by Japanese Soldiers, Japanese has the bridge built before their attempt when France and England still powering the Vietnam, Cambodia Laos and Burma. 
This bridge was built to connect their route from Mae Hong Son to Chiang Mai.

(History : Why this Bridge Exist) Part 1/2
In the second half of the 19th century, colonial powers France and England, who had already established their influence in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma, were viewing the area of modern-day Thailand with increasing interest. To consolidate Siam's influence and authority in the northern border region, the royal house encouraged Northern Thais from provinces like Payao, Lamphun and Nan to migrate to those areas. The result again was conflict: the last fight between Lanna Thai and Shan in Ban Wiang Nuea took place in 1869, when Lanna soldiers finally defeated their Shan opponents in a battle that ended with the total destruction of the village. The entire village was burnt to the ground. All structures standing in Ban Vieng Nuea today are the result of the subsequent rebuilding efforts of the villagers.
There was already a "road" (that took up to a week to traverse) leading from Chiang Mai to Pai in the late 19th century. This settlement was known as Ban Wiang Tai, and it developed into the modern town we know as Pai. Many of the new immigrants chose to settle in the area along the connecting network of trails to Mae Hong Son.

(History : Why this Bridge Exist) Part 2/2
In 1943, the Japanese began several projects to create efficient troop and equipment transport routes between Thailand and Burma in support of their planned attacks on Imphal and Kohima. In addition to the well-known Death Railway through Kanchanaburi, one of these projects was the improvement of the existing "road" from Chiang Mai to Pai and the patchwork of trails on to Mae Hong Son. The method of crossing the Pai River about 10 km southeast of the City of Pai is not, at present, verifiable. A bridge at that site was erected after the war and erroneously titled 'World War II Memorial Bridge'. It was apparently erected (and subsequently twice extended) in the course of road improvement projects by the Thai government. The Japanese attempt to develop a road connection between Chiang Mai to Pai and on to Mae Hong Son was abandoned in early 1944 when it became evident that the improvements could not be completed in time for the scheduled attack on Imphal. The uncompleted road did serve as an avenue of retreat for the Japanese after their disastrous defeat at Imphal and Kohima.


After the Japanese was defeated, this bridge are become the proof and historical structure from World War II. Now the bridge become one of the main attraction of PAI everyone who come here will have their feet step on it.
The Memorial Bridge of World War II at PAI

At here, you can enjoy the Sun Set of PAI rather than you climb up to the PAI Canyon.

 View from the Memorial Bridge.

The new concrete Bridge which built by the Thailand Government, this bridge is to be use as major route from Chiang Mai to Mae Hong Son, the Memorial Bridge next to it no longer be use as it is not solid as this and also due it already be listed in Historical Structure, now only for visitors...

When you are standing on the Memorial Bridge, just pan your camera to the side of New Bridge, you will find this Sunset view if you are here at the right timing...






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